Autogenic training and self-hypnosis in the control of tension headache.
Spinhoven, Philip Linssen, A. Corry Van Dyck, Richard Zitman, Frans G.
Compared autogenic training and training in multiple self-hypnosis strategies in a sample of 56 patients diagnosed as having chronic tension headache on the basis of medical evaluation by a neurologist.
At posttreatment and follow-up, no differences between the 2 treatment regimens in the reduction of headache and psychological distress were observed. During treatment, patients reduced their headache activity and level of psychological distress significantly in contrast to the waiting-list period.
Follow-up measurements indicated that therapeutic improvement was maintained. Short-term and long-term pain reduction were accompanied by an increase in perceived pain control.
Moreover, those patients who attributed the pain reduction obtained during therapy to their own efforts manifested long-term pain reduction.
Spinhoven, P., Linssen, A. C., Van Dyck, R., & Zitman, F. G. (1992). Autogenic training and self-hypnosis in the control of tension headache. General Hospital Psychiatry, 14(6), 408-415.